Courtney Richmond dibs: George III, Patrick Henry, John Locke
Marina Franc dibs: George Washington
Matt Saba dibs: Samuel Adams, James Otis, Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Eric Reinhard: Edward Braddock, John Dickinson, Crispus Attucks
Stephen Vocaturo: dibbies Lord Frederick North, William Pitt, Benjamin Franklin
Bella Lusardi: Pontiac
Derek Dykstra- Patrick Henry
George III:
  • King of England from 1760 to 1820
  • Was the reigning king during the American Revolution
  • Believed that taxing the Americans more would help solve Britain's financial crisis
  • Established the Proclamation of 1763, which forbade colonists from settling beyond the Appalachian Mountains.

George Washington:
  • Born in colonial Virginia in 1732, died in 1799
  • Best remembered as the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, the First President of the U.S.A., and presiding over the Constitutional Convention
  • Was a colonel during the French and Indian War
  • Led a militia to stop French from completing Fort Duquesne and to take back the Ohio River Valley
  • Washington was forced to surrender to the French and their Native American allies in the Ohio River Valley
  • Famous for the crossing of the Delaware on Christmas Day, taking back New Jersey during the Revolution and restoring hope to the Patriots
    external image 300px-Washington_Crossing_the_Delaware_by_Emanuel_Leutze,_MMA-NYC,_1851.jpg

Patrick Henry:
  • Well-known Virginia lawyer
  • Led the opposition of the Stamp Act
  • Coined the phrase "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
  • Stood up in the House of Burgesses to protest taxation without representation.

Pontiac:
  • An Indian chief who led a major attack against colonial settlements on the western frontier
  • Native Americans were angered by the growing westward movement of European settlers and by the British refusal to offer gifts as the French had done
  • His alliance of the Native Americans in the Ohio Valley destroyed forts and settlements from NY to VA.220px-JohnLocke.png

John Locke:
  • 17th century philosopher.
  • Believed that the government is supreme.
  • Believed man had natural rights, which were rights granted to citizens as inalienable rights.
  • Said it was the obligation of the people to revolt against an unfit government.
  • Highly influential in the Enlightened time period.
  • Thought that people start life as a "blank slate" (tabula rasa)
  • Argued for separation of church and state.
  • Had strong influences on the founding fathers, which were particularly visible in the Declaration of Independence.
  • Known as the Father of Classical Liberalism

Edward Braddock:braddock.jpg
  • a British soldier and commander-in-chief for 13 colonies during the beginning of the French-Indian War
  • persuaded to take vigorous actions against French by colonial governors
  • Died at a skirmish near Fort Duquesne between British and French-Indian militia

John Dickinson:
  • American lawyer and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Militia officer during American Revolution
  • Part of the Continental Congress and Constitutional Convention
  • "Penman of the Revolution" for writing Letters From a Farmer in Pennsylvania

Crispus Attucks:
  • An American slave, merchant seamen, and dockworker of African descent
  • First person killed by Redcoats in British Massacre in Boston
  • Upheld as first martyr in American Revolution
  • In obituary, not referred to as "black man" or "negro", accepted as mixed race man by Bostonians

Lord Frederick North:
  • Prime Minister of Great Britain
  • Repealed the Townshend Acts and sent the colonies into a state of relative peace and prosperity
  • Initiated a small tax on tea to show power over colonies (which led to Boston Tea Party)

William Pitt:
  • Prime Minister of Great Britain
  • Focused Britain on setting goals to conquer Canada
  • Accomplished these goals through the winnings of several small skirmishes along the St. Lawrence River
  • Eliminated French power on the continent of North America in a 1763 Peace Treaty

Benjamin Franklin:
  • Inventor/politician/writer that was one of the colonial delegates called upon by Britain to meet in Albany
  • Was the mastermind behind the Albany Plan of Union
  • Was a significant thinker of the time period because he is among the first to advocate for the colonies to team up
  • Was ignored by the colonies for the time being

Samuel Adams:

  • American philosopher and Founding Father
  • Leader of the American Revolution, architect of American Republicanism
  • Second cousin to John Adams, second president of the United States
  • Large proponent in the movement to oppose taxation of the colonies by Britain
  • He is also remembered as a master of propaganda steered many people to revolution

James Otis:

  • Member of the Massachusetts Provincial Assembly
  • Coined the phrase, “Taxation without Representation is Tyranny”
  • Advocate of Patriot views against British injustices
  • He was the leader of the Stamp Act Congress and friend of Thomas Paine, author of the Pamphlet Common Sense

Jean-Jacques Rousseau:

  • Swiss Romanticist philosopher and writer
  • He opposed Locke and believed that mankind was inherently good
  • His ideas influenced both the American and French Revolutions
  • One of his main works was On the Social Contract
  • Rousseau was also a freemason

Patrick Henry:
  • Virginia lawyer
  • thought the king should recognize the rights of all his citizen
  • no taxation without representation
  • was first and sixth Governor of post-colony Virginia
  • Implemented the Virginia Stamp Act Resolutions