Matty- Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr, John Marshall
Julianna FitzSimons- Napoleon Bonaparte, Oliver Hazard Perry, and Tecumseh
Mark VonEisenburg- John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, James Madison
Eric Reinhard- Toussaint l'Ouverture, William Henry Harrison, Thomas Macdonough
Sarah Gorrell- Andrew Jackson





Thomas Jefferson:
  • elected President in 1800 and 1804
  • tried to gain Federalists trust by keeping Hamilton's national bank and debt-repayment plan and by keeping the neutrality policies of Washington and Adams
  • kept his Republican views by trying to keep a limited central government
  • wanted to keep peace between Federalists and Republicans and did his best to avoid getting involved in wars with other countriesUnknown-1.jpeg

Aaron Burr:
  • was only vice president in 1800
  • he planned to become governor of NY and to unite with the New England states to secede from America
  • dueled and killed Hamilton in 1804
  • planned to take Mexico and unite it with Louisiana (he wanted to rule over both of them)
  • was tried for treason by John Marshall but was released from the charges
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John Marshall:
  • the fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
  • appointed by John Adams, and served for 34 years
  • worked to strengthen the central government
  • decided Marbury v. Madison case in favor of Marbury
    • also decided that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional
  • established the doctrine of judicial review
    • allows the Supreme Court to decide whether or not acts of Congress and the President are constitutional

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Oliver Hazard Perry
  • A captain in the American Navy during the war of 1812
  • Led the American Navy to a victory at the Battle of Lake Erie (arguably the most important naval victory of the war)
  • The victory at Lake Erie protected the Ohio River Valley and led to the victory at the Battle of the Thames River

Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Started out as a French soldierbonaparte_napoleon.jpg
  • Became a member of the First Consul (an oligarchy that ruled for a short time following a coup d'├ętat )
  • During his time as part of the First Consul he helped sell the Louisiana Purchase
  • While at war with Britain the French Navy would stop American ships and take the cargo
  • The U.S. government signed Macon's Bill No. 2 after Napoleon declared to respect American neutrality
  • Napoleon did not follow through with his claim as the French o loot American ships
  • Napoleon would become Emperor of France
  • His plan for European domination was foiled by Britain and his failed invasion of Russia
  • He was forced to abdicate the throne after losing the War of the Sixth Coalition
  • He returned to power briefly until his defeat at Waterloo
  • After this second loss Napoleon was sentenced to exile on St. Helena

Tecumseh
  • A Shawnee warrior
  • He and his brother tried to form a Native American confederacy
  • Tecumseh couldn't get southern tribes to join him especially after the Battle of Tippecanoe (American troops burnt down Tecumseh's headquarters)
  • William Henry Harrison's troops killed Tecumseh at the Battle of the Thames River


John C. Calhoun

  • A southern politician known for his strange hair and his transient opinion.
  • During the start of his political career, he supported a strong central government.
  • As time rolled on, he made an abrupt transition to believing in a limited government that allowed states rights and free trading.
  • He was active in both houses of congress and was the Vice president for both John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson.
  • Held positions as the sec. of war and of state.
  • Calhoun was also a member of the young and rambunctious " War hawks"
  • Agreed with both Democrats and Whigs.
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Henry Clay
  • A rennound orator from the south.
  • Served in both houses of congress
  • Was the Speaker of the house for three different terms
  • Was the Secretary of State From 1825-29
  • Despite being a well respected politician, his threes presidential campaigns resulted in failure
  • Was a leader of the War Hawks.
  • Was a loyal Whig and opposed Manifest destiny
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James Madison
  • The 4th president, who led the country into the war of 1812
  • was known as the father of the bill of rights and was the main figure in the constitutional convention.
  • Wrote the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions with Jefferson to protest the alien and sedition acts
  • served in the house
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Toussaint l'Ouverture
  • leader of the Haitian Revolution
  • military genius led to the independent black Haitian nation
  • fought French for independence
  • gradually pushed out foreigners like British, French and Spanish
  • maintained a large standing army at all times, improved economy

William Henry Harrison

  • Ninth president of the US, prior to this was an American military officer and politician
  • first President to die in office, after only 32 days
  • US representative and Senator of Ohio
  • Gained fame for leading troops against Indians in Battle of Tippecanoe

Thomas Macdonough
  • an early 19th century American naval officer noted for his roles in the first Barbary War and the War of 1812
  • Son of a revolutionary war officer
  • Member of "Preble's Boys", a select group of US naval officers who served under Commodore Preble during the first Barbary War

Andrew Jackson

  • was the 7th president of the US, elected in 1828
  • politician and army general, known for defeating the creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend and the British at the Battle of New Orleans
  • nicknamed "Old Hickory" because of his aggressive personality
  • supported a small federal government and states rights
  • did not support a national bank and dismantled the Second Bank of the US
  • relocated Native Americans
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