Edits due by Wednesday Evening: January 30

Quiz Friday, February 1

At the onset of the Civil War, both North and South anticipated a quick triumph, but this was not to be. The North held advantages in manpower and industrial development, but the South could counter that with experienced military leaders and the fact that it could conduct a defensive war. In 1861–62 the war was essentially stalemated, but after Gettysburg in 1863 and Lincoln's appointment of Ulysses S. Grant as supreme Union commander, the momentum swung to the North. In directing their war efforts, both presidents, Lincoln and Davis, took extraordinary measures—Lincoln suspended habeas corpus and issued the Emancipation Proclamation; Davis introduced new taxes, impressment of men and material, and even a plan to arm slaves as Confederate soldiers. After "total war" by Sherman and Grant, the Union prevailed in 1865, but before Lincoln could implement his plans for reconciliation and reconstruction of the Union, he was assassinated. Left open at his death were the questions of punishment, if any, for the Confederate states, and the fate of the newly freed slaves.


Character Sketches ch 14

Quiz Page ch 14

Miscellaneous ch 14